从第一个圣殿时期发现的水库

Archaeologists have found a rare and completely preserved cistern from the First Temple Mount period (1200-586 BC).  The cistern is located in the southern corner of the Western Wall, below ‘Robinson’s Arch’, in the old city of Jerusalem, Israel.

地下水库的历史可追溯到位于圣殿山边缘的耶路撒冷第一座圣殿。 (以色列古物管理局,弗拉基米尔·内钦)
地下水库的历史可追溯到位于圣殿山边缘的耶路撒冷第一座圣殿。 (以色列古物管理局,弗拉基米尔·内钦)

The finding has immense historical value.  As Eli Shukrun, excavation director on behalf of the Israel Antiquities Authority states: “It is now absolutely clear that the Jerusalem’s water consumption during the First Temple period was not solely based on the output of the Gihon Spring, but that it also relied on public reservoirs”.

几个世纪以来,有关第一圣殿时期耶路撒冷的供水完全来自基洪之泉的理论占据了主导地位。 50多年来,考古学家根据圣经中的谚语搜寻水箱。 以赛亚 36 that states:  “Come out to me; and eat ye every one of his vine, and every one of his fig-tree, and drink ye every one the waters of his own cistern.”  This proverb was said by Rab-Shakeh, commander of Assyrian King Sennacherib’s army when he tried to convince Hezekiah, King of Judah, and the besieged inhabitants of Jerusalem to surrender.

多年来,考古学家在第二圣殿时期发现了许多水库,但在第一圣殿时期却没有发现。 这就强化了使用驴从800米外的基洪泉输水的理论。

Archaeologist Eli Shukron and archaeology Prof. Ronny Reich discovered the cistern. It is 4.5 meters high, 5.5 meters wide, 12 meters in length and can hold about 250 cubic meters of water. The reservoir has a brown-yellow plaster characteristic of the First Temple period.  Shukron believes that as the excavations continue, similar cisterns will be found.  This is based on writings in the 列王记 which describes the construction of the Temple by King Solomon.  The texts describe a “Copper Sea” – a huge water tank made of copper that was placed in the Temple’s courtyard that could contain approximately 120 cubic meters of water.

The newly discovered water reservoir sheds light into life in Jerusalem during the First Temple period.  The water was vital not only to those living in Jerusalem but also to the thousands of pilgrims that visited the city on the High Holy Days.