Tiferet Yisrael犹太教堂的修复

在耶路撒冷老城的犹太区有一件让人非常兴奋的事。XNUMX年以色列独立战争期间被摧毁的Tiferet Yisrael犹太教堂正在重建来恢复其原有的辉煌。这座建于XNUMX年的犹太教堂是老城的主要地标之一,它的圆顶高高地耸立在其他建筑物之上。

An aerial view of the Old City of Jerusalem in the early 20th century. The Tiferet Yisrael Synagogue is marked by the red arrow.  Photograph courtesy of 佐尔坦·克鲁格(Zoltan Kluger).

The Tiferet Yisrael synagogue was built by followers of Rabbi Yisrael Friedman of Ruzhin and was a place of payer for Hassidic Jews in the Old City.  It is also known as the Nisan Bak Shul after its co-founder Nisan Bak. The Rabbi of Ruzhin is known to have said that while the Temple stood, the prayers of all of the Jewish people rose from it to heaven, but now, during the Diaspora, the prayers ascend from the Tiferet Yisrael Synagogue.

In Hebrew, Tiferet means “glory” or “splendor” and “Yisrael” is the name of the Jewish people.  As the name suggests, the synagogue was majestic.  The Company for the Reconstruction and Development of the Jewish Quarter in the Old City of Jerusalem Ltd. (JQDC) which is responsible for the reconstruction of the synagogue is taking all of the necessary steps to restore it to its original beauty. The synagogue is going to be 25 meters high and include 275 meters of constructed space.  It will have an elaborate domed roof and its arched entrances and windows will be restored.  The synagogue was also renowned for its ornate decorations such as its iron bimah which too will be reconstructed.

内部陈列上升了由华丽铁器,葡萄酒明信片c冠上的bimah。 1900年。照片由 维基共享资源.

犹太教堂下面将建三层楼。第一层展示遗址中发现的古物和仪式浴池,第二层用于技术需求,第三层用作会议厅。

以色列犹太教堂简史

The land for the synagogue was first purchased by the Ruzhiner Hassidim in 1843. Czar Nikolai I was planning to purchase the plot to build a monastery or a church, but the Hassidim closed the deal just days before he purchased the land.  It took the Hassidim years to raise money to build the synagogue and the construction was further delayed by Muslim officials.

The final funds to complete the synagogue were donated by German ruler Franz Joseph.  It is said that Joseph visited Jerusalem en route to the inauguration of the Suez Canal. During his tour of the city, he asked why the synagogue was missing its roof. Rabbi Bak replied “the synagogue has taken off its hat in honor of Your Majesty!”.  Joseph then graciously donated the funds needed for the construction of the dome, which was coined the “Franz Joseph’s cap” by the residents.

During the Israel War of Independence, due to its height and strategic location, it was used by the Israeli forces in the battles against the Jordanian army.  On 21 May, 1948,  the synagogue was completely destroyed by the Jordanian Arab Legion during the ‘Battle for Jerusalem’.

耶路撒冷市政府于2012年批准重建犹太教堂,并于27年2014月XNUMX日奠基。

Similar to the reconstruction of the Hurva synagogue, the rebuilding of the Tiferet Yisrael synagogue is a momentous step that strengthens the Jewish presence in Jerusalem.